To keep skin clean and glowing is really important for everyone not just girls, boys should also take care of their skin. If you will take care of your skin at your younger age it will be safe in your older days. So it is important to maintain your skin Microbiome.
What is the skin Microbiome?
The skin microbiome refers to trillions of microscopic organisms, mostly the bacteria that live on our skin’s various layers. The microbiome are also known as microflora and skin microbiota. A skin is the habitat of more than 1,000 different species of bacteria and about 80 different types of fungi. After the gut most of the microbes reside on your skin. The upper part of a persons epidermis along with the hair follicles is the habitat of bacteria such as:-
But beside these bacteria and fungi there are many viruses that live on the skin of normal healthy people.
Why to keep skin microbiome in balance?
When it comes to the health of our skin one must focus on health and diversity of the skin barrier. Skin acts as a protective shield whose main function is to serve as the body’s interface with the outside world. And we can say that a healthy barrier that is skin protects, against both inflammation and infection.
It is seen that when even one strain in our skin microbiome overgrows and it further starts to crowd out the other ones this leads to dysbiosis or in other words imbalance.
How do I care for skin microbiome?
To take care your skin microbiome one must follow a balanced diet. Avoiding stress, environmental pollution and avoiding harmful lifestyle factors like nicotine or too much alcohol etc.
To keep your skin healthy, gentle cleansing is one of the most beneficial act to keep your skin clean and healthy. One should choose a good cleanser with mild surfactants and a pH balanced formula too.
why skin microbiome is important?
Skin microbiome is important but why it is the main question let’s find out:-
- Protects body from infections:- A healthy skin microbiome keeps the skin acidic, we can say that pH is around 5.0, that inhibits the growth of pathogens. They act as ‘natural antibiotics’ and further stops the growth of many harmful germs to develop. Just like gut microbiome the skin microbiome also protects one from infections.
- Helps in healing the wounds:- The skin microbiome helps in wound healing by limiting it’s exposure to allergens, keeping it moist and also minimize oxidative damage. According to a recent study, some of the beneficial bacterium like staphylococcus epidermidis can protect your skin from harmful UV rays.
- Helps immune system to work better:- Earlier the thought was that the microbiome only exists on skin’s upper surface buy according to current researchers microbes also exists in the subcutaneous fat layers and also makes plays an essential role in alerting immune system about harmful bacteria and viruses. The skin microbiome act as a warning flare this they influence the cells and responses to the UV light.
- Tempers inflammation:- Your skin microbiome can commands immune system to activate or deactivate. It can also help to heal and control the harmful inflammation. According to the studies, without the skin microbiome your immune system can release various antimicrobial peptides such as cathelicidin to balance out different types of factors and this may trigger inflammatory response.
Where does skin microbiome live?
Microbiomes are present in whole skin surface even in your hair follicles and glands too.
- Sebaceous sites:- The sebaceous body sites consists of head, neck and trunk they contain sebaceous glands secreting sebum (an oily substance).
- Dry body sites:- These sites are dry like, hands, legs, feet and forearms. The dry sites contains most diverse microbiota it happens because of the high exposure to the external environment.
- Moist body sites:- The moist body sites consists of the skin such as elbow creases, beneath breasts, in between the toes and armpits and etc. contains different types of bacteria.
How to improve the skin microbiome?
- Eat a balanced diet:- Eating may affect your skin Health. Some studies says that, the microorganisms in your gut also affects the skin. So taking a lot of plant based food can be a good option as good bacteria can thrive on them.
- Spending time with the nature:- There are evidence and researches that says, that the fresh air and green space can help in flourishing your microbiome. Not just this it also boost up your physical and mental health.
- Be careful when you are using sanitizer and anti bacterial soap:- Though it is good to clean your face but over cleaning specially using sanitizer and anti bacterial soap can upset the balance of microbiome.
- Regular workout:- Doing workout or exercise, mainly the physical activities makes you sweat that is fortifying prebiotic for the skin microbiome. And exercise and workout is also good for your health.
- Don’t smoke:- Avoid or quit smoking it is injurious to health and body. According to the studies smoking cause the inflammation and thus also disturb the skin microbiome.
How can you use microbiome in skin care?
The researchers has seen that skin microbiome can play a crucial role in your beauty concepts. There are four approaches to skin microbiome fir beauty:-
- Removal of bacteria
- Prebiotic:- feeding good bacteria
- Probiotic:- adding good bacteria
- Postbiotic:- adding byproducts of bacteria
do’s and don’ts microbiome skin care
First let’s discuss do’s-
DO’s:- Buy gentle products with clean and simple ingredients. Focus on nourishing ingredients like aloe vera, shea butter, jojoba oil and squalane oil. Incorporate pre-pro and post biotics that support a healthy microbiome. Choose a good brand skin products to make your skin healthy.
DON’Ts:- Don’t use harsh ingredients and over treat the skin. It makes the skin irritating and can also make your skin harsh.
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